|Land use creates a sense of place. It affects transportation patterns, proximity of homes to work, location of nature preserves and spaces for social interaction. The following tools help prevent unsustainable development patterns that consume resources and promote auto dependency.|
1. Landscaping: Buffering and Screening
Addresses light, visual clutter, noise and other externalities resulting from conflicting land uses. Buffering and screening reduce storm water runoff, soil erosion, and enhance community appearance.
2. Neighborhood Revitalization: Enhancing older residential areas
Addresses issues common to older residential areas including aging housing stock, deteriorating infrastructure, and abandonment of commercial and industrial buildings
3. Managing commercial and industrial development
Use the master plan, zoning ordinances, design guidelines, and other programs to manage the growth of commercial and industrial development.
4. Managing residential development
Encourage new development that is compatible with the natural and cultural heritage of a community. Methods include use of the master plan to define future land development, zoning ordinance updates, and development of a Capital Improvement Plan (CIP)
5. Open Space Zoning: Rural Clustering
Open space zoning techniques focus on preservation of open space in rural areas. Several zoning techniques encourage new residential development to cluster in a few selected areas on a parent parcel, rather than being spread across the entire site.
The 2001 Open Space Preservation Act provides cluster development options withouth having to rezone parcels of land.For more information